Rabies in humans: what is it, how is it spread, symptoms and how is it treated


The least frequent form, which you will certainly not encounter in your daily life, may be Inhalation of rabies virus Droplet (airborne), which is how someone working in a lab can become infected.

Or directly, very rarely, cases have been documented with transplants such as the cornea or other solid organs.

Is rabies transmitted from person to person?

These centers themselves indicate that Transmission from person to person It is theoretically possible, but in practice such a case has not yet been documented. In addition, they strongly emphasize that casual contact such as touching an infected person or contact with non-infectious fluids or tissues (such as urine, feces, and blood) It is not associated with the risk of infection. And if you’re wondering what will happen when someone close to you gets vaccinated against this disease, it doesn’t pose a risk that you can get it at all. So don’t indulge in exaggeration either.

Symptoms of rabies in humans

The incubation period is the time between exposure and emergence disease sign It can last weeks or months. The current bulletin from the Mexican government indicates that the incubation period in this country ranges from 6 to 249 days, with an average of 69 days, and the variance depends on the species transmitted and the site of virus inoculation. Obviously, the bite of the foot is not the same as the arm, because undoubtedly attacking your upper body will make this virus reach the brain faster. In addition to the site of exposure, incubation will depend on the type of rabies virus and the immunity present.

At first, the symptoms of rabies in humans are similar to those of the flu: weakness, malaise, fever or headache, stinging or itching at the site of the bite, and can last for days. A characteristic feature of the first manifestations, according to the World Health Organization, is fever, accompanied by pain or crawl At the site of the wound, that is, a sensation of unusual tingling, itching, burning, or that cannot be explained by another cause.

Symptoms will then progress to brain dysfunction, anxiety, confusion, and agitation. In the advanced stage of the disease, delusions appear, abnormal behavior (hyperactivity), hallucinations, hydrophobia (fear of water), aerophobia (fear of air), excessive salivation, difficulty swallowing, insomnia, or even paralysis of the the face. The acute period of the disease ends after 2-10 days and as soon as signs appear, treatment is practically supportive.

What happens to a person when he gets angry?

Unfortunately, if a person becomes infected with rabies, and therefore becomes infected, then there is not much to be done. The World Health Organization states that once a disease is acquired it manifests in two different forms:

angry rage

Patients present with hyperactivity, agitation, hydrophobia, aerophobia, and death occurs within a few days due to cardiorespiratory arrest.

paralyzing anger

This accounts for approximately 20% of cases.It is common for the disease to be misdiagnosed and therefore underreported because it has a less severe and longer progression in which the muscles gradually paralyze, starting from closest to the bite or scratch, causing the person to slowly enter into Coma and eventually die.

How is rabies treated in humans?

In fact, there is no specific or effective treatment for this disease. Because of the high risk of exposure, human rabies vaccine and rabies immunoglobulin are recommended. If the risk of exposure to the virus is slight, only the vaccine is used. This is very important to prevent the spread of infection, as this disease usually causes death.


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