Hair and nail changes during pregnancy

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Hair and nail changes during pregnancy are physiological processes that disappear after birth…

Hair and nail changes during pregnancy

Last update : January 25, 2023

While the body undergoes a number of physiological changes, the hair and nail changes during pregnancy may be more noticeable. It is estimated that over 90% of women have alterationsas well as on the skin, during the period of pregnancy.

What are the changes that occur in hair and nails during pregnancy?

There are many clinical manifestations that usually appear during pregnancy. These are all benign changes that will resolve on their own in the postpartum period. Consequently, thedaily application of moisturizer the use of sunscreen on exposed areas and maintaining a complete and varied diets are recommended.

Hair loss

During pregnancy, high estrogen values ​​prolong the hair growth phase, which causes less hair loss. Thus, in the postpartum period, the cycle of hair growth and rest returns to its previous pattern. The loss is therefore likely to be greater.

It is common for hair loss or telogen effluvium to occur up to one year after the birth of the child. Because hormone levels and hair follicles regulate themselves without the influence of pregnancy hormones.

Increased hair growth

Many pregnant women know this hair thickening and growth. Hair can also grow in unwanted places. That is, there may be a presence on the face, legs, arms and back. The vast majority of all changes return to normal after birth.

Read also: How to take care of your hair during pregnancy?

Stains on the nails

The leukonychia refers to the white spots that appear on the nails and that they are harmless. In most cases, it is usually an injury to the nail by biting it, direct trauma or an allergic reaction to certain products. Studies published byInternational Journal of Dermatologyconclude that it is one of the most frequent changes to observe (24%).

The leukonychie if solves itself and disappears when the nail is fully developed, after six to eight months.

Blackish color on the nails

Another finding that can be observed during pregnancy is the presence of melanonychia, a hyperpigmented longitudinal band on the nail plate. This usually affects a single nail and is caused by the localized presence of melanin, a pigment in the body. In addition to pregnancy, other causes that cause it are:

  • Addison’s disease.
  • Trauma.
  • Vitamin B deficiency.
  • Medicines.
  • Malnutrition.

Ingrown nails

It is common to observe ingrown toenails. Indeed, that it is due to wearing shoes that are too tight. Therefore, excessive pressure on the feet due to water retention should be avoided. Therefore, it is recommended that you wear comfortable, loose-fitting shoes and elevate your legs during the day. Whenever there are signs of infection or inflammation in the nail area, you need to see a specialist doctor.

Discover also: How to treat ingrown toenails?

Increased nail growth during pregnancy

Hormonal changes during pregnancy can cause increased growth and strengthening of nails. Increased blood pressure and blood flow to the extremities is also one of the factors that stimulate them. Using gloves is a good idea to clean the house and avoid direct contact with chemicals. Also, applying a moisturizer helps keep nails strong and healthy.

Brittle nails

While there may be increased nail growth during pregnancy, they have too tendency to tear, break and split more easily. Weak nails can also be caused by a diet deficient in vitamin B complex. As a result, biotin improves the thickness, firmness and hardness of nails. It is found in dairy products, vegetables, eggs and fish.

Subungual keratosis

Subungual keratosis usually occurs in 7% of pregnant women. It features a abnormal growth under the nail plate. In this case, a thickening of the nail bed occurs, which becomes keratinized and accumulates in the subungual space.

Hair and nails during pregnancy

The vast majority of hair and nail changes occur during pregnancy spontaneously disappear after the birth of the baby. Ideally, pregnant women should know the physiological and temporary state of all these changes in the body. Likewise, any sort of anxiety or worry will be reduced.

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