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Foot pain is one of the most significant pains that everyone suffers from at some point in their life, and it occurs as a result of exposure to injury, unhealthy habits, or other issues that affect foot health.
The “Consulto” reviews, in the following report, the causes of foot pain, according to “Web md” and “Cleveland Clinic”.
Types of foot pain
Foot pain can occur in any part, including the heel, toes, or ball of the foot:
If the pain is in the heel, the person may have plantar fasciitis, which is irritation or inflammation of the band of tissue that connects the heel bone to the toes. The pain is usually worse in the morning and also causes swelling and difficulty moving.
Heel Pain Treatment
Do stretching exercises for the heel and toe muscles.
Take over-the-counter pain relievers.
Wear shoes with good support and cushioned soles.
Heel spurs are another source of foot pain resulting from abnormal bone growth at the bottom of the heel that causes pain when pressed and used for walking and movement. People with flat feet are more likely to develop heel spurs.
Heel spurs treatment
Make yourself as comfortable as possible
Wear well-fitting shoes with shock-absorbing soles.
Take over-the-counter pain relievers.
Attend physiotherapy sessions
A stone contusion is a deep bruise in the fat pad of the heel or the sole of the foot. It often occurs as a result of an accident, injury or pressure on a hard object. The pain can last more than a week and soon resolves after the injury has been treated After the injury has healed
Treatment of stone bruises
– Rest the foot and do not exert pressure as much as possible
Take anti-inflammatories and anti-inflammatories
A broken heel is usually a high-impact injury, such as a fall or car accident. The heel bone can not only fracture, but also break. The main symptoms are heel pain, bruising, swelling or difficulty walking.
Treatment of heel fractures
Do not exert pressure on the heel and use crutches.
Use of pressure bandages and braces
A splint to protect the heel bone if needed
Also read: Do you suffer from foot pain? – How can you overcome them?
Psoriatic arthritis is a combination of psoriatic skin disorder and arthritis and is a prolonged condition that can cause stiffness and pain in the tendons of fingers, toes, and other joints.
Psoriatic Arthritis Treatment
For mild cases, your doctor may recommend a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) to block chemicals that cause joint swelling.
Heat therapy using compresses, as heat helps reduce swelling and inflammation
Severe cases may require stronger medications. Options include disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs, including biologics, and corticosteroids.
Morton’s neuroma causes thickening of the tissue around the nerves between the bases of the toes, usually between the third and fourth toes. You usually experience pain, strange sensations or numbness which some women may experience as a result of wearing high heels or tight shoes. shoes.
Morton’s Neuroma Treatment
Wear shoe inserts to reduce pressure on the nerve.
– Do not wear high-heeled shoes.
Avoid activities that put pressure on the neuroma.
Plantar Fasciitis This is the most common cause of arch pain. Plantar fasciitis can affect the heel, the arch, or both. The treatment is the same regardless of the site. For persistent plantar fasciitis, injections combining a steroid and a local anesthetic may be helpful.
Gout, a form of arthritis, can cause pain in the toes. Crystals accumulate in the joints of the toes, causing severe pain and swelling. The big toe is often affected.
Toe Pain Treatment
Take medications such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
Avoid foods that can make gout worse.
Wear comfortable shoes
Put your feet in hot water
Claw toe occurs when the toe points down or up and is unable to straighten, often as a result of nerve damage from diseases such as diabetes or alcoholism which weakens the muscles of the foot. Without special shoes to accommodate a claw toe, the foot can become irritated, painful and deformed.
Claw Toe Treatment
Put on better-fitting shoes.
Avoid high heels and tight shoes.
Stretch your toes and toe joints.
Try shoe inserts.
Surgery is a treatment option for some cases
An ingrown toenail occurs when skin from one or both sides of the toenail grows over the toenail. It can be painful and lead to infection.
Ingrown toenail treatment
Soak the feet in lukewarm water four times a day.
Place a piece of gauze between the nail and the skin.
Use topical creams that relieve pain and inflammation
Corns are thick, itchy buildups of hard skin that develop from pressure on the foot or toe, or from wearing tight shoes.
Wear comfortable shoes
Soak your feet in lukewarm water to remove excess skin before it hardens.
Apply topical creams that relieve irritation and pain.
Neuropathy, or damage to the nerves in the feet, is often caused by diabetes. The pain may be a burning, tingling, or electric sensation. It can occur anywhere in the feet.
The patient should treat the cause and monitor their diabetes, take painkillers, anti-inflammatories and rest their feet as much as possible
Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic autoimmune disease that can cause joint pain, stiffness and swelling throughout the body.
Almost everyone with rheumatoid arthritis has symptoms in their feet and ankles. Rheumatoid arthritis can affect the areas around the heels, tops of the feet, and toes.
Treatment of rheumatoid arthritis
Rest, ice, or anti-inflammatory medications such as ibuprofen and naproxen can relieve symptoms. Shoe inserts can relieve pressure on the bones of the feet.
Osteoarthritis occurs when the cartilage that lines the joints wears down. Most often the cause is aging, but osteoarthritis can also occur as a result of injury or if you have flat feet or very high arches. A person may have difficulty walking, stiffness, and joint pain.
Treatment of osteoporosis
Take nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
Wear splints, casts, or shoes to keep the foot immobile until the infection clears
– Physiotherapy to strengthen the muscles
Steroid injections for severe cases
Tendonitis is the inflammation and irritation of tendons, which are the bands or struts that connect muscles to bones. Tendons run all over the surface of the foot and can cause pain in many different places.
Treatment of tendonitis
Take anti-inflammatories and painkillers
Apply topical creams and ointments that help relieve pain
Warm compresses are an effective treatment option for tendonitis
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